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What Is An Additive Manufacturing Execution System?

Manufacturing Execution System (MES)
June 10, 2021
Additive Manufacturing

Additive manufacturing (AM) is the industrial production name for 3D printing. Using computer aided design (CAD) or 3D object scanners, additive manufacturing allows for the creation of three-dimensional objects by depositing materials, usually in layers. As production continues to grow and additive manufacturing industrializes, manufacturers require effective strategies to help them manage their additive manufacturing workflows. Additive manufacturing execution systems (MES) use workflow software to enable greater traceability, provide insights, and help establish best practice processes. In this guide, we will discuss additive MES in detail, covering the key benefits and how to recognize if it’s the right time for your company to invest in this software.

What Is an Additive Manufacturing Execution System?

In competitive industries, manufacturers are under pressure to manufacture high-quality products at speed – without huge costs. As a result, companies are always looking to implement lean processes and new technology to help them meet these manufacturing demands. A recent report by EY states that 46% of companies plan to adopt additive manufacturing for end-part production by 2022. Additive manufacturing is seen as a way of producing products more efficiently and more cost-effectively, but for it to work at its maximum potential, manufacturers use additive manufacturing execution systems to assist with production visibility, resource management, enable proactive decision making, and optimize planning and scheduling.

Manufacturing execution systems perform the same functions in traditional manufacturing. This technology increases uptime, reduces inventory, and helps management improve the efficiency of the entire production cycle, from the shop floor through to manufacturing. This software is highly effective, but isn’t suited to the unique requirements of additive manufacturing execution systems. This is because additive manufacturing has a different approach to design, production, and process management, with the steps needed to manage post-processing operations and conduct quality assurance drastically differing from traditional manufacturing. These differences make it important for businesses to understand the unique benefits of deploying additive MES software, helping them recognize if their manufacturing processes could greatly benefit from this technology.

7 Key Benefits of Additive Manufacturing Execution Systems

Additive manufacturing execution systems are designed to ensure production teams get the best out of the software they use in production. Understanding the key benefits in more detail will help manufacturers build a business case for this technology.

1. Optimization of resources

Additive MES software uses inbuilt algorithms to process orders and assign print jobs to machines. These functions are performed based on data collected on job priority, machine availability, order date, material availability, and print bed size. This makes it far more accurate than human calculations and ensures more efficient use of resources. Additive MES software also ensures jobs are completed using the least possible power, materials, and human effort – saving businesses money.

2. Efficient, automated workflows

Additive MES replaces spreadsheets and manual processes with streamlined, digital workflows. When additive manufacturing operations expand, using manual processes for data collection and scheduling can lead to bottlenecks. Human error and lack of visibility can limit the capabilities of the software. Additive MES automates and links manual processes on a digitalized platform, reducing manual labor and improving efficiency.

3. Full traceability 

Additive manufacturing execution systems can create a record of the journey of a product from raw material to finished article. This can be used to improve the overall efficiency of the production process and is useful for customers looking for a picture of the lifecycle of the product their purchasing. 

4. Delay prediction 

Additive MES monitors real-time machine data and tracks schedule times, estimating future lead times. Using this data, the software can predict and inform customers of potential delays. This reduces the need for dialogue between the two parties via calls or emails.

5. Reduces operational costs

The automation and streamlined workflow provided by additive MES helps companies reduce operational costs. Automation reduces labor costs and allows the human workforce to prioritize high-value tasks. Using data to schedule work and order materials also saves money on wasted resources, controlling costs, and optimizing production. 

6. Connection and standardization 

An additive manufacturing execution system helps facilitate communication between disparate elements of production processes. The software connects processes like order management, machine management, and post-processing, ensuring smooth communication between each manufacturing stage. Connecting all your processes under one piece of software helps users manage production and saves them from moving information manually between the different stages. 

7. Scalability 

Using additive MES software is essential for growth. As an organization’s additive manufacturing production increases, they will need workflow software to help accommodate the growth and respond to the evolving needs of the business. Deploying additive MES will easily enable organizations to accommodate fast growth and increased production volumes. 

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Should My Organization Be Considering Additive Manufacturing Execution System Software?

Successfully adopting additive MES requires data, traceability, and automation, so workflow software should be at the center of your company’s additive manufacturing strategy. To identify a need for additive MES, you should consider the capacity in which you’ll be using the software. Businesses doing either of the following should consider investing in additive MES.

You plan to scale your additive manufacturing operations

The more machines, resources and time goes into your additive manufacturing processes – the more you’re going to require the right software architecture to be able to process the increased number of orders. Workflow management, machine automation, and connection and standardization are going to reduce strain on the human workforce, increase the efficiency of resources, and allow all the different machines involved in additive manufacturing to be connected under one piece of software. At this stage, you’ll likely need to invest in additive MES software that can accommodate your expansion plans.

You’re operating multiple production sites

The standardization and connection provided by additive MES software make operating multiple production sites much more manageable. An additive manufacturing execution system features a standardized interface for ordering, optimizing the management process, and streamlining communication between stakeholders. Operating across multiple production sites may also mean you outsource certain processing jobs to third-party companies – this can be difficult to coordinate without additive MES. The software can also provide a platform to engage with your network of suppliers. In this instance especially, you may also want to consider additive MES based in the cloud rather than one that's run on-premises.

Additive Manufacturing Execution Systems and Enterprise Resource Planning

As a business owner, you might be asking ‘why do I need additive MES software when ERP performs many of the same functions?’. The two are different and should be integrated for maximum efficiency and the seamless flow of data between different areas of the business. They have overlapping functionalities, but ERP is focused on the planning aspect of production, while additive MES software is primarily focused on the real-time execution of AM production. Request management, order pricing, delay predictions, and scheduling of 3D printers are all handled by additive MES. You can find more information on MES basics in our MES Beginners' Guide or in MES for Dummies.

Software for Deploying Additive MES

For companies looking to take full advantage of additive manufacturing – deploying additive MES software is the key to growing and expanding your operations. Check out Plex's Smart Manufacturing Platform to see how you can take advantage of MES and other smart manufacturing technologies.

About the Author

Plex Team

Plex Systems, Inc., a Rockwell Automation company, is the leader in cloud-delivered smart manufacturing solutions, empowering the world’s manufacturers to make awesome products. Our platform gives manufacturers the ability to connect, automate, track and analyze every aspect of their business to drive transformation. The Plex Smart Manufacturing Platform includes solutions for manufacturing execution (MES), ERP, quality, supply chain planning and management, Industrial IoT and analytics to connect people, systems, machines, and supply chains, enabling them to lead with precision, efficiency and agility.